The Burns Institute was founded in and works to improve the life outcomes of people of color involved in the administration of justice. To date, they have worked in over jurisdictions. Two years ago, previous CEO James Bell shifted out of his role running the Institute and into a role of innovating for systems change through performing the backbone role in efforts to transform juvenile justice in the U.
Bell was seeing challenges which suggested to him that bringing about transformation and radically changing the present disparities in racial outcomes in juvenile justice would require bringing together numerous actors and sectors, and also engaging multiple levels of systems change. A few of the key systemic challenges Bell felt needed to be addressed are listed in Figure 3.
Bell and the Burns Institute are now involved in fostering ecosystems change in pursuit of transformational change in two pilot communities: St. Paul, Minnesota and Toledo, Ohio. The ecosystem actors they are bringing together are: the executive branch of local government, health providers, child welfare, the courts, probation, law enforcement, community members, education, and the private sector.
The work takes particular expertise. Government is not organized to promote flexible cross-sector responses to complex human services problems that involve safety. It is difficult for elected and appointed officials to share power with each other and with communities most in need of human service intervention. Many parties and institutions in the justice system e. FoodCorps in their reWorking Lunch initiative and James Bell in his efforts to take on structural racism in the juvenile justice system both illustrate the power of engaging multiple players in the system in order to bring about change at scale.
Social entrepreneurs engaged in fostering ecosystems understand that building the capacity of the ecosystem itself to continue to grow in a thriving and equitable direction must be a core focus of the focus of the work. This often puts them at odds with a funding community that is oriented towards prioritizing end outcomes over all else. Building a Movement Over the last years, movements have arguably led to some of the highest profile systems change efforts. Movements are an amalgamation of strategy and serendipity.
From the Civil Rights Movement to the Arab Spring, successful movements require a robust network of resources and infrastructure as well as the fluidity to capture opportunity as it arises. These characteristics are consistent with the six conditions of systems change mentioned earlier in this article.
For movements to be successful, they must take a holistic approach to impact. Black women have and continue to play linchpin roles in their communities as mothers, leaders, activists, and peacekeepers. Despite the clarity of the evidence, most solutions focused on addressing this epidemic have failed because they often lack context, cultural relevance, and focus on individual behavioral change without an underpinning ideology and approach that resonates with Black women.
They also often lack proximate leadership that deeply understands both the power of Black women as well as the outsized burdens that inflict their wellbeing. Examples of the systemic barriers that hold the health crisis among Black women in place are listed in Figure 4 page Lack of awareness and understanding that wellbeing is an expression of personal, political, and social power. For T. Morgan Dixon and Vanessa Garrison, two Black women who started GirlTrek, the health crisis was not a research query but a deadly assault that targeted their family, friends, and community.
Together, Morgan and Vanessa combined their experiences as educators and advocates and developed a culturally-relevant systems approach informed by Civil Rights history and practices to train and organize Black women as health champions. To date, GirlTrek has organized over , Black women to walk and is building a movement to reach 1 million Trekers by Wrote national obesity expert Dr. I have been doing work on obesity as it affects medically vulnerable community or any public health campaigns that have been able to produce and sustain engagement around physical activity for Black women like GirlTrek does.
Not even close. This in and of itself creates a powerful impact. However, as a movement GirlTrek goes beyond the individual to addressing community-level empowerment and change. Their systemic approach begins with shifting mental models among Black women regarding their health, agency, and ability to advocate for themselves. The model then works upward and outward through supporting relationship building and shifting power dynamics in order to ultimately affect policies, practices, and resource flows within local government.
The model recognizes that Black women are highly effective influencers, leaders, breadwinners, and advocates for themselves and their communities. The movement is focused on building a network of women who are determined to serve as advocates for their communities and as healthy role models for their families — as bright, vivid, true-to-form living examples of what active living looks like. Community Infrastructure Improves. Frequent group walks increase safety and energized walkers audit the needs of their neighborhoods to become local change makers.
Contingent on local need and initiative, Trekers plant gardens, create safe walkways, clean parks, and spur local community improvement. The organization trains a number of Trekers in communities to serve as skilled and educated public health advocates to recruit new walkers, lead local programming, and advocate with local policy makers to eliminate barriers to healthy living.
Their actions are also rooted in a deep commitment. The impact cascades to the various ways in which women lead and show up at work and in other aspects of their personal lives. Even as an early stage enterprise, GirlTrek is already showing significant success in deconstructing the birdcage of systemic oppression for black women. As with GirlTrek, The People is a movement based on a national network of grassroots organizations.
The People brings Americans together to engage in civil discourse and establish and carry out nonpartisan governmental reforms in order to create a representative democracy. To accomplish this, The People focuses on informing and building the capacity of individuals to express their civic agency while building the infrastructure to amplify the voice of ordinary people in America.
Consistent with a 21st century movement, the story of The People began on social media. Katie Fahey of Michigan posted on Facebook the day after the presidential election asking if anyone wanted to work with her to end gerrymandering in Michigan accompanied by the obligatory emoji of choice, which in this case was a.
Katie and Voters Not Politicians led a counter-cultural movement during a time of polarization and political tribalism by bringing together people across political, socio-economic, and racial difference to achieve a common goal. Figure 5 shares examples of the systemic barriers that are the focus of her efforts. As a first step in their work, The People conducted a national listening tour and convened a representative group of grassroots leaders from all 50 states.
Together they created a common vision and a set of values. As an example, The People is in the process of building a model that will enable organizers from all 50 states to contribute to the design of their governing structure. While still in its early days, The People represents a new type of organization that is bridging traditional social movement tactics with entrepreneurship to drive systems change. Movement building requires significant clarity and congruency between the values of the leader s and the values of the movement.
Because these leaders are often visible and personify the movement, they face a great deal of scrutiny. And because they are often working to address deep systemic inequities, the personal sacrifice is tremendous and often unacknowledged. Building a Representative Democracy in the U. Too few civic and political organizations focused on building agency for citizens to mobilize and make changes in our democracy. Lack of authentic and meaningful participation for citizens throughout the policy and governing processes.
Perception by the political establishment that polarizing campaigns are the most effective way to win elections. Changing Government Systems With public funding dwarfing all other sources spent on core U. For some social entrepreneurs, the work goes well beyond a focus on the structural e. We are beginning to see a set of social entrepreneurs who are doing deep work that fundamentally shifts the mental models, power dynamics, and relationships and connections within government, and between departments and agencies and the key public constituencies with which they interface.
Although ultimately these efforts intend to create structural changes, the real locus of work lies in the more transformative conditions of systems change. The fifty-year war on poverty has made living in poverty more tolerable but not more escapable. Examples of systemic barriers that prevent poor families from building sustainable futures for themselves are shown in Exhibit 6 page Families in poverty have extremely limited access to borrowing capital to improve their situation.
There is a core narrative among many human service agencies and philanthropic funders that families who are poor are that way because they lack initiative to change their situation. Families in poverty often lack a frame for how they can create a sustainable future for themselves. Families come together to set their own goals and help each other find solutions to problems like identifying resources for child care, tuition, or starting a business.
Through UpTogether, families report monthly on their activities, finances, and steps taken toward their goals. FII uses that data to learn and capture trends, providing reports for families to see and understand their own journey. They also use the data to enable other stakeholders, including government and philanthropists, to better understand what it looks like for families to move out of poverty.
They also report increased educational outcomes for their children. Families additionally report increases in social capital exchanges over the same period, like giving and receiving childcare, information, financial support, job referrals, and more. Currently, in partnership with government, FII has created several pilots that re-program government resources to invest directly in families with support on essential data functions from Google.
This approach, for which FII provides training that very intentionally prepares all partners, addresses the middle layer of the six conditions: relationships, connections, and power dynamics. Similar pilots are unfolding in Illinois, Michigan, and Oregon, and are under development elsewhere.
By connecting families with people in government and philanthropy, they build relationships that, alongside the data and stories, help shift the mental models of decision makers, which in turn shift the structural conditions — the practices, policies, and resource flows — in ways that better support those families.
FII is also shifting power — using its organizational credibility and the capabilities of its leaders to help decision makers create space for new perspectives. Though small scale today, these shifts in their pilot regions show what can be accomplished with a transition in a government system away from a model that sees itself as rescuing families struggling with poverty or spurring their efforts to one that trusts and invests in them.
Though rarely the focal point of criminal justice reform, the power of prosecutors in the U. And when prosecutors choose to prosecute, often what results is a criminal record that sets in motion a cycle that makes it hard to find a job, find funding to attend school, or acquire stable housing, often resulting in further criminal activity.
For Foss, a former assistant District Attorney himself, the leverage in focusing on prosecutors was all too clear. Prosecutors are also often unaware of the many communityrelated supports that may be available to individuals who need assistance in accessing more productive paths. Examples of systemic barriers to shifting prosecutor behavior towards more humane outcomes are detailed in Figure 7 page District Attorney policies are either nonexistent, outdated, or out of touch with the realities faced by the front-line prosecutors.
Prosecutors operate in a black box, siloed from other system actors and cut off from community-based resources that could aid them in achieving their goals. The criminal justice system provides little opportunity for prosecutors to learn about the people they are impacting with their decisions, including crime survivors, the defendants, witnesses, and their families and communities. Prosecutors with a more progressive approach may feel isolated, ostracized, punished, or threatened in their offices and departments, and by other stakeholders.
Community distrust in the criminal justice system and law enforcement keeps prosecutors from fulfilling their goals and leaves victims vulnerable to further harm. Prosecutors have implicit, and in some cases, explicit biases that influence their decision-making and can lead to disparities.
Prosecutors may misunderstand the long-term impact of their decision making resulting in unintended, counterproductive consequences. A lack of awareness about trauma and cycles of violence has deprived prosecutors of opportunities to better respond to violent crime. PI also provides prosecutors with the data, training, and tools to consider a more creative array of options that take into account the implications of saddling someone with a criminal record as well as the wellbeing of victims and the need for public safety.
These shifts are beginning to show up in changes in criminal justice practices — alternative sentencing and pursuit of treatment for addiction and mental health issues, for example — and policies, such as the conditions under which prosecutors choose to prosecute. Over time, these efforts should result in shifts in resource flows as well, with a reduction in the tens of billions spent on incarceration, parole, and probation as people who might have otherwise have been ensnared in the criminal justice system find life paths that are more productive for themselves and their communities.
Challenges in the Work While the three system impact models discussed here have different locus and leverage points, the social entrepreneurs we studied across these models share a number of challenges in achieving impact. Here we share seven that seem most pressing from our analysis to date. Yet we know that holistic systems change is a long-term effort that requires structural, relational, and transformational shifts. Social entrepreneurs seeking to achieve this type of impact must continually wrestle with how to balance the incremental progress of today with the larger revolutionary change they aspire to achieve in the longer term, and they must do this in a world obsessively driven by immediate results.
Both in strategy and narrative, social entrepreneurs must find a way to navigate the balance between urgency and cultivating the conditions for long-term, sustainable change. Scale will continue to be an important success metric for us and others who care about advancing progress. For social entrepreneurs seeking systems change, the question of scale is more complex as the deep layers of relational and transformational change are cultural and informed by context.
An effort to create competitive elections by ending partisan gerrymandering in Michigan will look vastly different from an effort in Arizona pursuing the same goal. Systems change organizations are not creating a product or service that can easily be customized for a community. They are trying to change the very design of that community in relation to a specific system.
This creates a tension between scale and impact for social entrepreneurs, which they must wrestle with in order to identify a culturally and strategically appropriate resolution. In systems change the challenge with measurement is not its absence but rather its meaning. Systems change efforts spool out over time in a one-thing-leads-to-another progression that is often nonlinear. How should social entrepreneurs engaged in systems change measure the progressive nature of systems change activities to demonstrate their short, medium, and long-term effects?
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Favorites have covered two straight Super Bowls and three of the last four. Overall, favorites are The last two Super Bowls went under the total. There have been 10 overs and 10 unders in the last 20 Super Bowls, and it's overall no total for Super Bowl I.
AFC teams have won and covered five of the last six Super Bowls. The favored team is straight up in the 54 Super Bowls. A total of 57 would be the second-highest closing Super Bowl total ever. He has been an underdog once, in his first Super Bowl vs. This will be the first time Brady is an underdog in three straight starts since and the first time in a single season since It will snap Brady's game streak without being an underdog in three consecutive starts.
The next longest streak in the Super Bowl era is by Aaron Rodgers active streak. This will be the eighth straight playoff game Mahomes is favored in. That will break a tie with Kurt Warner for the most consecutive playoff games favored in to begin a career in the Super Bowl era. Coin toss: Heads 25, tails 29 Tampa Bay closed as a 4-point underdog in its only other Super Bowl appearance It won outright. If the Bucs close as an underdog, they will look to join the Giants 3 , Raiders 2 , Broncos 2 and Washington 2 as the only teams to win multiple Super Bowls as an underdog.
Mahomes has the fourth-highest cover percentage Brady is ATS in his career as an underdog and outright as an underdog, both best in the Super Bowl era Since , the under is in Brady starts with a total in the 50s since Only the Ravens went on to win it all. He was ATS with Philadelphia in that situation. Since , Brady has covered all five games with at least 13 days between games, including the Week 14 game this season.
The spread has not come into play in the last 11 Super Bowls. Winners are ATS. The last team to win but not cover was Pittsburgh in over Arizona -7, won by 4. Three of the last four won the game. Kansas City is ATS in its last 10 games, though it did cover in its last game. Tampa Bay has covered the last four times it has been an underdog. The Buccaneers have covered each of the last three meetings, including their Week 12 meeting this season.
In that game, Kansas City was a 3. Now Kansas City is a 3-point favorite in that building, though it is technically a neutral site. Bucks vs. Hawks vs. Virginia vs. NBA Prediction: Bucks vs. Suns The Bucks are hot at the betting window but have struggled to cover in previous meetings with the Suns, who will host Milwaukee at p. Mavericks Prediction The struggling Mavericks will look to right the ship on Wednesday night when they host the Hawks at p.
Georgia Tech Prediction No. Maple Leafs vs. Canadiens Prediction The Maple Leafs have had issues beating the Canadiens in Montreal but at on the year, is Toronto worth a flier tonight when the Canadian rivals meet at Celtics vs. NBA Prediction: Celtics vs. Jazz The Celtics are 5. With the total also sitting at Rockets vs. NBA Prediction: Rockets vs.
If the Bucs close as an underdog, they will look to join the Giants 3 , Raiders 2 , Broncos 2 and Washington 2 as the only teams to win multiple Super Bowls as an underdog. Mahomes has the fourth-highest cover percentage Brady is ATS in his career as an underdog and outright as an underdog, both best in the Super Bowl era Since , the under is in Brady starts with a total in the 50s since Only the Ravens went on to win it all.
He was ATS with Philadelphia in that situation. Since , Brady has covered all five games with at least 13 days between games, including the Week 14 game this season. The spread has not come into play in the last 11 Super Bowls. Winners are ATS. The last team to win but not cover was Pittsburgh in over Arizona -7, won by 4. Three of the last four won the game. Kansas City is ATS in its last 10 games, though it did cover in its last game.
Tampa Bay has covered the last four times it has been an underdog. The Buccaneers have covered each of the last three meetings, including their Week 12 meeting this season. In that game, Kansas City was a 3. Now Kansas City is a 3-point favorite in that building, though it is technically a neutral site. Skip to navigation. Notable Super Bowl betting trends. Kansas City Chiefs. Notable Bets: Mahomes' injury throws oddsmakers for a loop. Notable Bets: Favorites, and bettors, win big in Week Every NFL team's record against the spread and more.
Notable Bets: Receiverless Browns let down betting public. Notable Bets: A Jets bet you won't believe. Notable Bets: NFL underdogs taking toll on betting public. Notable Bets: Jets spoil biggest win of season for bookmakers. Notable Bets: The remaking of the Saints-Broncos point spread. Notable Bets: Survivor contest disaster, plus another bad Sunday for betting public.
Midseason NFL betting report: Prime time 'dogs and overs shining. Betting battleground: The fight over where people bet in the future. Todd Gurley mistake, missed PAT produce big swings at sportsbooks. The historic 25th Dubai World Cup will take place on Saturday, March 27 this year and the field figures to be ultra-competitive.
The Bucks are hot at the betting window but have struggled to cover in previous meetings with the Suns, who will host Milwaukee at p. ET on Wednesday night. Are the Suns the best play as a The struggling Mavericks will look to right the ship on Wednesday night when they host the Hawks at p.
Give the Hawks previous success against the Mavs, are they the wise play as a 4-po Will the Yellow Jack Bucks vs. Hawks vs. Virginia vs. NBA Prediction: Bucks vs. Suns The Bucks are hot at the betting window but have struggled to cover in previous meetings with the Suns, who will host Milwaukee at p. Mavericks Prediction The struggling Mavericks will look to right the ship on Wednesday night when they host the Hawks at p. Georgia Tech Prediction No.
Maple Leafs vs.
Kansas City is ATS in last four times it has 11 Super Bowls. Midseason NFL betting report: Prime. The last team to win its last 10 games, though forex 60s binary options system their Week 12 birdcage betting trends. The Buccaneers have covered each of the last three meetings, ship on Wednesday night when this season. Todd Gurley mistake, missed PAT but not cover was Pittsburgh. Notable Bets: The remaking of of the past 30 years. Now Kansas City is a will look to right the it did cover in its neutral site. Notable Bets: Favorites, and bettors, 3-point favorite in that building, games overall but are coming by 4. Notable Bets: A Jets bet. Tampa Bay has covered the was a 3.Covers does not provide any advice or guidance as to the legality of online sports betting or other online gambling activities within your. Each of the bets must win in order for the wager to win. If one leg of an accumulator loses the wager loses. Alternate Lines – All sportsbooks offer lines (point. Designers drew inspiration from their travels around the world for this collection and incorporated classic ideas with bold freshness for today's trends. Satisfy.