Surgivet-Smiths Medical -. Swissvet Veterinary Products -. Texas Farrier Supply -. UC Davis Diagnostic Laboratories -. United Surgical Instruments -. Vet Imaging -. Vet Surgical Resources, Inc. Vetcare, Inc. Veterinary Concepts -. Vetlab Supply -. Vetstar -. Vortech Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Webster DIA -. Wedgewood Pharmacy -. Wickliffe Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Wire 2 Wire Veterinary Products -. Zinpro Performance Minerals -. Valley Vet Supply -. Addison Biological Laboratory -.
Clipper Distributing Co. Brookside -. Bet Labs -. Akorn Animal Health -. American Medical Endoscopy -. Horseware Ireland -. ALK -. HiDow International -. Animal Reproductive Systems -. Arthrogen GmbH -. AVM Biotechnology -. Botupharma -. Jeffers, Inc. Centurion Systems, Inc. Champagne Horseshoe Co.
Chison Medical Imaging Co. Triple Crown Nutrition Inc. Advanced Biological Concepts A. VetOne Acepromazine Injection. Phoenix Pharm Acepromazine Maleate Injection. VedCo Acepromazine Maleate Injection. Vets Plus Inc. Veterinary Products Laboratories, inc. Vettec Hoof Care Adhere.
EquiBio Solutions Airion. Arenus Aleira , Equine Dietary Supplement. Alfalfa Forage. Adeptus Animal Nutrition Inc. Allay , Equine Dietary Supplement. Farnam Aloe Heal. Farnam Aloedine Shampoo. Ceva Animal Health Inc. RXV Amikacin E. Llyod, Inc. AnaSed Injectible. Auburn Laboratories Inc. APF Pro. Apple-A-Day , Electrolyte. Durvet Animal Health Inc.
AspirEze Aspirin Gel. AspirEze Aspirin Granules. Arenus Assure , Equine Dietary Supplement. Peak Performance Nutrients B. Aspen Veterinary Resources Ltd. Life Data Labs, Inc. Standlee Hay Company Beet Pulp.
Purdue Products Betadine Surgical Scrub. Bimedia Inc. Horse Tech Inc. BioFlax 20 , Equine Dietary Supplement. Blackenall , Equine Dietary Supplement. Farnam Blue Lotion. Scranton Mfg. Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica Inc. VedCo Bute Boluses. Nutramax Labs Inc. Chaffhaye ChaffHaye, Bagged Alfalfa. Farnam Chew Stop Chew Deterrent. Standlee Hay Company Chopped Alfalfa. Farnam Clear Eyes. Complete Formula. Complete Racing Formula.
Compose , Equine Dietary Supplement. Boothwyn Pharmacy Compounding Pharmacy. Keratex Cooling Gel. Corta-Flx Inc. Corta-Flx HA Liquid. Medtronic Covidien Suture Materials. SmartPak Daily Omega Plus. Swissvet Veterinary Products Dental Tools. Derma GeL. RXV Dexasone. MinXray, Inc. Naylor Dr. Riddle Institute for Regenerative Medicine Dr.
Riddle's Wound Spray. ProLabs Ear Mite Killer. Echi-Fend , Equine Dietary Supplement. Activon Inc. Actiivon Inc. Farnam Elite Electrolytes , Electrolyte. Immvac Inc. ClearSpan Fabric Structures Inc. Vettec Hoof Care Equi-Build.
Equi-bute Injectable. Vettec Hoof Care Equi-Pak. Duggan Veterinary Equichek Test. Zoetis Animal Health Equimax , Deworming. Equimune IV. Novartis Animal Health Inc. Equine IgG , Plasmune. Merial Equine Tetanus , Equine Vaccine. Vita-Flex Nutrition Equinyl Combo. Plasvacc USA Inc. Equitag Equitag. Hamilton Research Inc. Farnam Excalibur Sheath Cleaner. Farrier's Formula. Farrier's Formula, Double Strength.
Berlin Industries Farrier's Magic Plus. First Feet. Farnam Flex-Ever Wall Feeder. Fluid Action HA Ultra. Farnam FluidFlex. Norbrook Laboratories Flunixine Injection. Vet Tek Flunixine Injection. Arbico Organics Fly Eliminators. Source Focus HF. Forage Cubes. Keratex Frog Disinfectant. Phoenix Pharm Furosemide Injection. VetOne Furosemide Injection. Gait Check GaitCheck. Gastrafate Equine. Gentimicin Sulfate Solution. Sparhawk Laboratories Inc. Vet Tek Gentimicin Sulfate Solution.
VetOne Gentimicin Sulfate Solution. Merck Animal Health Gentozen, Equine. Glucosamine Grass Forage. Griseofulvin Powder. Growth Formula. RXV Guaifenesin. VetriScience Labs H. EQ Pellets. Farnam H. CareCredit Healthcare Financing. RJ Matthews Co. Heiro , Equine Dietary Supplement. Farnam Horseshoer's Secret Concentrate. Davis Veterinary Products Hydrocortisone Spray. Select the Best HylaRx Complete. PRN Pharmacal I. Ibex Ibex Portable Ultrasound.
Ice Horse Ice Horse. Farnam Icetight Hour Poultice. Arenus Independence , Equine Dietary Supplement. Piramal Isoflurane, USP. BrightLine Medical Inc. Ivermectin Paste 1. Farnam Joint Combo Classic. Equine Digital Support Systems Inc. Krosscheck Leverage Testing Device. Equinosis Lameness Locator. Willowcroft Pharm Laminil. Farnam Leather New Products.
Nutrena Legacy. Select the Best Legacy Pellets. Nutrena Life Design Complete. Nutrena Life Design Prime. APC, Inc. Animal Arts Liquid Motion. Nutrena LiteBalance. Low Starch Formula. Halstrum LubriSy HA. Farnam Lure-Fly , Fly Control. Farnam Man of War Shampoo. Farnam MaxFlex Chondroitin Pellets. Farnam MaxFlex Glucosamine Pellets. Farnam MaxFlex XR. VetriScience Labs Methylsulfonylmethan Powder. Davis Veterinary Products Miconazole Spray. Avid Identification Systems, Inc.
Microchip Identification. Shank's Veterinary Equipment, Inc. Hospital Supplies. Thorne Veterinary ModucareVet. Advanced Biological Concepts N. Keratex Nail Hole Disinfectant. Nimble Supreme. VetOne Nitrofurazone Ointment. First Priority Nitrofurazone Soluble Dressing.
Farnam No Chew, Chew Deterrent. Norbrook Laboratories Norocillin. Select the Best Nu-Hoof Maximizer. Doc's Products Inc. OCD Pellets for Horses. Omega Fields Omega Horse Shine. Omega Max , Equine Dietary Supplement. Oxytocin Injection. Dandy Products Inc.
RXV Paraguard Shampoo. Phoenix Pharm Pen-G. Penicillin Injectable. Peridan Concentrate. VetOne Phenylbutazone Powder. RXV Phenylbutazone Tablets. Thorne Veterinary PhytoprofenVet. Pigeon Fever Vaccine , Equine Vaccine. Farnam Pine Tar. Farnam Platform Complete Electrolyte , Electrolyte. Farnam Platform Hoof Health Formula. Farnam Platform Joint Health Formula. Platinum Performance Platinum Electrolyte , Electrolyte. Farnam Povidone-Iodine Surgical Scrub.
Povodone Iodine Scrub. Aurora Pharmaceutical Povodone Iodine Scrub. Farnam Pre-Strike Products. SmartPak Probiotic. Razerhorse Propad. Pyranha Inc. Pyrantel Paste. Pyrantel Paste pyrantel pamoate , Deworming. Capps Manufacturing Inc. Quality Equine Dental Instruments. Quench , Electrolyte. Farnam Redglo , Equine Dietary Supplement. Farnam Reducine Original Absorbent. ReitSport HA Davis Veterinary Products Relief! Fly Ointment , Fly Control. Rhodococcus Equi Antibody , Pneumomune-Re.
Linear Rubber Products, Inc. Rubber Mats. Eudaemonic Rubeola Virus Immunomodulator. Nutrena SafeChoice Original. Nutrena SafeChoice Perform. Nutrena SafeChoice Special Care. Horse Sense Solutions SayWhoa! VedCo Scarlet Oil. Scarlet Oil. First Priority Scarlet Oil. VetOne Scarlet Oil. Hormones and endocrine disruptors in human seminal plasma.
Seminal plasma represents a unique environment for maturation, nutrition, and protection of male germ cells from damaging agents. It contains an array of organic as well as inorganic chemicals, encompassing a number of biologically and immunologically active compounds, including hormones.
Seminal plasma contains also various pollutants transferred from outer environment known as endocrine disruptors. They interfere with hormones at the receptor level, act as inhibitors of their biosynthesis, and affect hormone regulation. In this minireview, the main groups of hormones detected in seminal plasma are summarized. Seminal gonadal steroids were investigated mostly with aim to use them as biomarkers of impaired spermatogenesis sperm count, motility, morphology.
Concentrations of hormones in the seminal plasma often differ considerably from the blood plasma levels in dependence on their origin. In some instances dihydrotestosterone, estradiol , their informative value is higher than determination in blood. Out of peptide hormones detected in seminal plasma, peptides of transforming growth factor beta family, especially antimullerian hormone, and oligopeptides related to thyrotropin releasing hormone have the high informative value, while assessment of seminal gonadotropins and prolactin does not bring advantage over determination in blood.
Though there is a large body of information about the endocrine disruptors' impact on male reproduction, especially with their potential role in decline of male reproductive functions within the last decades, there are only scarce reports on their presence in seminal plasma. Herein, the main groups of endocrine disruptors found in seminal plasma are reviewed, and the use of their determination for investigation of fertility disorders is discussed.
Seminal quality prediction using data mining methods. Now-a-days, some new classes of diseases have come into existences which are known as lifestyle diseases. The main reasons behind these diseases are changes in the lifestyle of people such as alcohol drinking, smoking, food habits etc. After going through the various lifestyle diseases, it has been found that the fertility rates sperm quantity in men has considerably been decreasing in last two decades.
Lifestyle factors as well as environmental factors are mainly responsible for the change in the semen quality. The objective of this paper is to identify the lifestyle and environmental features that affects the seminal quality and also fertility rate in man using data mining methods.
These techniques are applied on fertility dataset which contains instances with nine attribute with two classes. This paper also focuses on the feature selection process i. Effects of supplemental seminal plasma on cryopreserved boar To analyse the effects of supplemental autologous seminal plasma on boar semen quality before freezing and after thawing, thirty ejaculates were collected from six Pietrain boars.
The main factors of a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments were Beltsville thawing solution BTS , seminal plasma before freezing, and Seminal vesicle intrafraction motion analysed with cinematic magnetic resonance imaging.
This study analyses seminal vesicle displacement relative to the prostate and in relation to treatment time. A group of eleven patients undergoing prostate cancer radiotherapy were imaged with a continuous 3 T cine-MRI in the standard treatment setup position.
Four images were recorded every 4 seconds for 15 minutes in the sagittal plane and every 6. The prostate gland and seminal vesicles were contoured on each MRI image. The coordinates of the centroid of the prostate and seminal vesicles on each image was analysed for displacement against time. Displacements between the 2. Real time prostate and seminal vesicle displacement was compared for individual patients. The 2. In the AP direction, it was 4.
In the LR direction for 3, 5 and 10 minutes; for the left seminal vesicle, it was 2. The correlation between the real-time prostate and seminal vesicle displacement varied substantially between patients indicating that the relationship between prostate displacement and seminal vesicles displacement is patient specific with the majority of the patients not having a strong relationship. Our study shows that seminal vesicle motion increases with treatment time, and that the prostate and seminal vesicle centroids do not move in unison in real time, and that an additional margin is required for independent seminal vesicle motion if treatment localisation is to the prostate.
El entendimiento adecuado de estas causas es de gran importancia ya que de este modo se pueden tomar los correctivos necesarios ya sea para tratar al toro, o en otros casos para descartarlo del sistema productivo del cual haga parte. Semen quality of bulls can be affected by multiple causes, both infectious and non infectious.
Proper understanding of these causes is imperative, either to take the necessary correctives to treat the bull or to discard it from the productive system. It is important not to forget that the physical presence of the bull can be from a germoplasm bank frozen semen which can have quality problems not related to the cryopreservation procedure but to infectious or not infectious factors before freezing.
Seminal quality problems will be reflected on different reproductive parameters of the productive system and these will be highly relevant when estimating earnings and losses of the productive system, both for beef or milk production. Cystadenoma of the seminal vesicle. A case report. Cystadenomas of the seminal vesicle are extremely rare benign tumours, which only have been reported seven times earlier in the literature. The first Danish case is reported with discussion of symptomatology, pathology and treatment Seminal vesicle involvement at salvage radical prostatectomy.
To describe the incidence and clinical outcomes of seminal vesicle invasion SVI at salvage radical prostatectomy SRP and to describe the accuracy of SV biopsy. Seminal SIRT1 expression in infertile oligoasthenoteratozoospermic men with varicocoele. In a case-controlled study, we assessed the expressed seminal NAD-dependent protein deacetylase SIRT1 expression in infertile oligoasthenoteratozoospermic OAT men associated with varicocoele. Our study involved 81 men, recruited from the University hospitals, after ethical approval and informed consent.
Inclusion criteria consisted of confirmation of abnormal semen parameters and normal female partners whereas exclusion criteria were leukocytospermia, tobacco smoking, hormonal therapy, immunological disorders, dyslipidemia, hypogonadism, cardiovascular disorders, morbid obesity, and hepatic or renal failures.
All participants had an interview to assess clinical history, clinical examination, semen analysis, and estimation of seminal SIRT1 expression. Our results suggest that seminal SIRT1 expression has a role of male infertility being significantly decreased in infertile OAT men in general and in infertile OAT men associated with varicocoele in particular. Full Text Available Prediction of seminal quality with statistical learning tools is an emerging methodology in decision support systems in biomedical engineering and is very useful in early diagnosis of seminal patients and selection of semen donors candidates.
However, as is common in medical diagnosis, seminal quality prediction faces the class imbalance problem. In this paper, we propose a novel supervised ensemble learning approach, namely Clustering-Based Decision Forests, to tackle unbalanced class learning problem in seminal quality prediction. Experiment results on real fertility diagnosis dataset have shown that Clustering-Based Decision Forests outperforms decision tree, Support Vector Machines, random forests, multilayer perceptron neural networks and logistic regression by a noticeable margin.
The findings could be helpful in explaining seminal concentration problems in infertile males or pre-screening semen donor candidates. Mass spectrometric identification of diagnostic markers for chronic prostatitis in seminal plasma by analysis of seminal plasma protein clinical samples.
There are few specific diagnostic markers for chronic prostatitis. Therefore, we used mass spectrometry to evaluate differences in seminal plasma protein expression among patients with prostatitis and young and middle-aged healthy controls. We analysed pooled seminal plasma protein samples from four prostatitis patients two pools , three young controls one pool , and three middle-aged controls one pool.
The samples were analysed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Of the proteins identified, 16 were differentially expressed between the two control pools. Five proteins were up- or down-regulated in both of the prostatitis pools compared to middle-aged controls but not between young and middle-aged pools.
Progestagen-associated endometrial protein PAEP was over-expressed in prostatitis samples compared to young and middle-aged controls. Our findings and those of previous studies indicate that PAEP is a potential seminal plasma marker for chronic prostatitis. In conclusion, we found age-related changes in seminal plasma protein expression. PAEP expression in seminal plasma should be investigated further to evaluate its potential as a diagnostic marker for chronic prostatitis.
Seminal vesicle metastasis after partial hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma. Metastasis to the seminal vesicle is extremely rare for hepatocellular carcinoma HCC. To our knowledge, it has been not reported in literature.
The purpose of the present paper was to report a case of metastasis to the seminal vesicle after HCC resection, along with its histological features and immunohistochemical characteristics. A year-old Chinese man was admitted to our hospital due to abdominal distension. He had a history of HCC related to hepatitis B virus infection. Moreover, left partial hepatectomy was performed in another hospital 28 months ago, and right partial hepatectomy for HCC recurrence in our hospital 4 months ago.
After resection, radiofrequency ablation therapy had been performed. About 27 months after the initial operation, contrast-enhanced computed tomography CT of the pelvic cavity revealed a mass with homogeneous enhancement in the seminal vesicle. Transrectal needle biopsy revealed a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Therefore, seminal vesiculectomy was resected. The histological diagnosis of the removed tumor was compatible with the original HCC.
Immunohistochemical examination demonstrated that the tumor cells were positive for glypican-3 GPC3 , alpha-fetoprotein AFP , hepatocyte paraffin-1 Hep Par 1 , cytokeratin 18 CK 18 , and hepatocyte antigen, which confirmed that the seminal vesicle tumor was a metastatic tumor of HCC. However, CT subsequently revealed multiple metastatic foci in the abdominal and pelvic cavities in May and August , respectively. The seminal vesicle is an extremely rare metastatic site for HCC, and the prognosis is very poor.
A combination of clinical and pathological features is necessary for a correct diagnosis, and primary tumor should be excluded before diagnosing metastatic foci. We present a case of a testicular germ-cell metastasis in the seminal vesicle.
This case emphasizes the role of MRI in the evaluation of patients with pathology in the pelvic region. To determine if there was a bearing of body mass index BMI on male infertility, a cross-sectional study of males of infertile couples, attending our infertility clinic was Primary malignancy of seminal vesicle: A rare entity.
Full Text Available We report a rare case of seminal vesicle malignancy primitive neuro ectodermal tumor in a year-old male patient. He was treated with enbloc resection of the tumor and ureteric reimplantation. In view of the rarity of this entity, management of these tumors should be individualized. Seminal vesicle abscess causing unilateral hydroureteronephrosis: A case report.
It mainly occurs in subjects with predisposing factors and may be associated with other urogenital infections. We describe the case of a diabetic subject with SVA associated with funiculitis, epididymitis and obstructive pyelonephritis. Treatment consisted of laparotomic surgical drainage of the abscess and ureteral stent placement. Proteomic analysis of heparin-binding proteins from human seminal We resolved Thus, the combined effects of seminal plasma components support the survival of Ultrasound-guided seminal vesicle biopsies in prostate cancer.
Invasion of prostatic adenocarcinoma into the seminal vesicles SV is generally accepted as an index of poor prognosis. The pre-operative identification of SV invasion is an important element in staging since it may alter subsequent treatment decisions.
We studied the possibility of diagnosing SV. Intermedin inhibits norepinephrine-induced contraction of rat seminal vesicle. Water availability is a major limiting factor for crop production, making drought adaptation and its many component traits a desirable attribute of plant cultivars. Previous studies in cereal crops indicate that root traits expressed at early plant developmental stages, such as seminal root angle and root number, are associated with water extraction at different depths.
Here, we conducted the first study to map seminal root traits in barley L. A high degree of phenotypic variation was observed in the panel of 30 genotypes: A similar range was observed in the DH population: Across-species analysis identified 10 common genes underlying root trait QTL in barley, wheat L. Here, we provide insight into seminal root phenotypes and provide a first look at the genetics controlling these traits in barley. Full Text Available Water availability is a major limiting factor for crop production, making drought adaptation and its many component traits a desirable attribute of plant cultivars.
Here, we conducted the first study to map seminal root traits in barley L.. Biochemical components of seminal plasma and their correlation to the fresh seminal characteristics in Marwari stallions and Poitou jacks. Full Text Available Aim: To investigate various biochemical components of seminal plasma in Marwari stallions and Poitou Jacks and to find out their correlation with that of the seminal characteristics.
Materials and Methods: In this study, semen was collected from six Marwari stallions and six Poitou jacks aged from 4 to 6 years and with known fertility status. The semen collection from the stallions were collected during the breeding season, i. From the collected semen ejaculates, we estimated the values of some biochemical components, viz. Significant correlation between motility and glucose, GOT and GPT could be an indication for their role metabolism and protection against free radicals to the spermatozoa.
Conclusion: Based on the results, it is concluded that there is a positive correlation between some biochemical values such as glucose, Ca, ALP, and LDH and seminal parameters which play a key role in capacitation and onward movement of the spermatozoa. Responses of seminal wheat seedling roots to soil water deficits. The aims of this paper are to develop our understanding of the ways by which soil water deficits influence early wheat root growth responses, particularly how seminal roots respond to soil drying and the extent to which information on differences in soil water content are conveyed to the shoot and their impact on shoot behaviour.
Roots were exposed to different soil volumetric moisture contents SVMC within the two compartments. Experiments where the soil in the lower compartment was allowed to dry to different extents, while the upper was maintained close to field capacity, showed that wheat seedlings allocated proportionally more root dry matter to the lower drier soil compartment. The total production of root, irrespective of the upper or lower SVMC, was similar and there were no detected effects on leaf growth rate or gas exchange.
The response of seminal roots to proportionally increase their allocation of dry matter, to the drier soil was unexpected with such plasticity of roots system development traditionally linked to heterogeneous nutrient distribution than accessing soil water.
In experiments where the upper soil compartment was allowed to dry, root growth slowed and leaf growth and gas exchange declined. Subsequent experiments used root growth rates to determine when seminal root tips first came into contact with drying soil, with the intentions of determining how the observed root growth rates were maintained as an explanation for the observed changes in root allocation. Measurements of seminal root ABA and ethylene from roots within the drying soil are interpreted with respect to what is known about the physiological control of root growth in drying soil.
All rights reserved. A Comparative Study. Full Text Available Objective: To study the effect of cigarette smoking on seminal fluid parameters, namely; volume, sperm concentration, and motility, as well as morphology, leukocyte infiltration, among males complaining of infertility.
Seminal fluid was collected using masturbation after days of abstinence then analyzed for volume, sperm count, sperm concentration, motility and morphology. Results: A total of adult males were enrolled. Their age ranged between 21 and 76 years, were non-smokers with mean age of Three-hundred-and-ninety-six were smokers with a mean age of There was a significant effect of smoking on the motility of sperms and the ratios of abnormality p seminal fluid parameters motility, morphology and leukocyte count which in turn may result in male subfertility.
Glycoprotein fucosylation is increased in seminal plasma of subfertile men. Full Text Available Fucose, the monosaccharide frequent in N- and O-glycans, is a part of Lewis-type antigens that are known to mediate direct sperm binding to the zona pellucida. Such interaction was found to be inhibited in vitroby fucose-containing oligo- and polysaccharides, as well as neoglycoproteins. Seminal proteins were separated in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and blotted onto nitrocellulose membrane and probed with fucose-specific Aleuria aurantia lectin AAL.
Twelve electrophoretic bands were selected for quantitative densitometric analysis. It was found that the content, and especially the density of fucosylated glycans, were higher in glycoproteins present in seminal plasma of subfertile men. No profound differences in fucosylation density were found among the groups of normozoospermic, oligozoospermic, asthenozoospermic, and oligoasthenozoospermic subfertile men.
According to the antibody probing, AAL-reactive bands can be attributed to male reproductive tract glycoproteins, including prostate-specific antigen, prostatic acid phosphatase, glycodelin and chorionic gonadotropin. It is suggested that the abundant fucosylated glycans in the sperm environment could interfere with the sperm surface and disturb the normal course of the fertilization cascade.
Relationship between substances in seminal plasma and Acrobeads Test results. To asses the effects of seminal plasma on sperm function. Retrospective case-control study. University hospital. One hundred fourteen infertile men. Acrobeads Test scores and measurement of interleukin IL -6, soluble IL-6 receptor, epidermal growth factor, insulin-like growth factor-I IGF-I , transforming growth factor-beta I, superoxide dismutase, calcitonin, and macrophage migration inhibitory factor MIF levels in seminal plasma.
Kruskal-Wallis test to compare the concentrations of substances as a nonparametric test for differences among Acrobeads Test scores and a multivariable logistic regression model to find independent risk factors associated with abnormal Acrobeads Test results. The Acrobeads Test score was 0 for 7 samples, 1 for 20 samples, 2 for 18 samples, 3 for 28 samples, and 4 for 41 samples.
Age, abstinence period, and semen parameters, except for sperm motility and percentage of sperm with abnormal morphology, had no effect on the Acrobeads Test results. Quantitation of sperm bindable IgA and IgG in seminal fluid. Seminal fluid and serum from 95 infertile males were assayed for sperm bindable immunoglobulins using an indirect ELISA with whole target sperm. The ELISA method was compared to seminal fluid and serum immobilization and agglutination assays functional assays.
The ELISA method gives reproducible quantitation of sperm antibodies in seminal fluid and correlates well with accepted functional assays. Comparisons with serum sperm antibody assays suggests that seminal fluid sperm antibody analysis complements the serum analysis of sperm antibodies. Hoffman, Jennifer C. We investigated potential associations between seminal plasma cytokine levels and viral concentration in the seminal plasma of HIVinfected men. This was a prospective, observational study of paired blood and semen samples from 18 HIV-1 chronically infected men off antiretroviral therapy.
HIV-1 RNA levels and cytokine levels in seminal plasma and blood plasma were measured and analyzed using simple linear regressions to screen for associations between cytokines and seminal plasma HIV-1 levels. Forward stepwise regression was performed to construct the final multivariate model. These results support the importance of genital tract immunomodulation in HIV-1 transmission. Developmental environment mediates male seminal protein investment in Drosophila melanogaster.
Males of many species fine-tune their ejaculates in response to sperm competition risk. Resource availability and the number of competitors during development can also strongly influence sperm production. However, despite the key role of seminal proteins in mediating reproductive processes, it is unclear whether seminal protein investment is dependent on the developmental environment.
We manipulated the developmental environment of Drosophila melanogaster by rearing flies at low and high density. As expected, this resulted in large and small i. As predicted, large males produced more of two key seminal proteins, sex peptide SP and ovulin, and were more successful at obtaining matings with both virgin and previously mated females.
However, there was only a weak and non-significant trend for large males to transfer more absolute quantities of SP at mating, and thus, small males ejaculated proportionally more of their stored accessory gland SP resources. Males transferred more receptivity-inhibiting SP to large females. Despite this, large females remated more quickly than small females and thus responded to their developmental environment over and above the quantity of SP they received.
The results are consistent with two non-mutually exclusive hypotheses. First, flies might respond to condition-dependent reproductive opportunities, with i small males investing heavily in ejaculates when mating opportunities arise and large males strategically partitioning SP resources and ii small females remating at reduced rates because they have higher mating costs or need to replenish sperm less often.
Second, flies may be primed by their larval environment to deal with similar adult population densities, with i males perceiving high density as signalling increased competition, leading small males to invest proportionally more SP resources at mating and ii females perceiving high density as signalling abundant. Mannan-binding proteins from boar seminal plasma. Rhodes, Differential staining of Western blots of human secreted glycoproteins from serum, milk, saliva, and seminal fluid using lectins displaying diverse sugar specificities.
Human milk, serum, saliva, and seminal fluid glycoproteins gps nourish and protect newborn and adult tissues. Their saccharides, which resemble cell membrane components, may block pathogen adhesion and infection. In the present study, they were examined by a battery of lectins from plants, animals, and bacteria, using hemagglutination inhibition and Western blot analyses.
The results demonstrated the chosen lectin efficiency for differential analysis of human secreted gps as compared to CBB staining. The potential usage of these lectins as probes for scientific, industrial, and medical purposes, and for quality control of the desired gps is clearly indicated. Small round blue cell tumor of seminal vesicle in a young patient.
Full Text Available Seminal vesicle tumor is a rare disease with unclear origin. Generally, it is presented as a pelvic mass that can be detected by sonography and digital rectal exam. The authors report a year-old patient with a pelvic mass which the magnetic resonance and surgical specimen reveal a seminal vesicle tumor. Immunohistochemical findings favored a primitive neuroectodermal tumor of the seminal vesicle.
Herein, the treatment, histological and histochemical findings of this entity are discussed. Interrelation between human fertility and seminal plasma lipids, prostaglandins and zinc. In adult fertile men 32 , men with oligospermia 43 and men with azoospermia 31 seminal plasma lipids, prostaglandins PG and Zn were determined. The PGs were determined by radioimmunoassay.
In azoospermia the seminal plasma total lipids, phospholipids and cholesterol were significantly decreased, PGE revealed an insignificant decrease only. Full Text Available Introduction. Regarding the therapeutic role of CD59 in treatment of pathological effects in uncontrolled activation of complements system and its efficiency to overcome the hyper-acute rejection, CD59 was suggested for maintenance of transplanted organ.
In this study We determined and isolated CD59 from seminal plasma. Six normospermic sample according to WHO standards were chosen. Plasma of samples was separated and to remove the postasomes, the seminal plama was ultra centrifuged. Protein was present in the 6. Molecular weight based on marker size in these two fractions was 65 and 21KD respectively. CD59 had previously beem purified by lysis of erythrocyte cell membrane.
Because of use of detergent and preservative agents, this method decreased physiologic effects of the protein. In this study the isolation was performed from prostasome granules" without using of any detergent and preservative agents.
Adrenomedullin increases the short-circuit current in the mouse seminal vesicle: actions on chloride secretion. Adrenomedullin ADM may regulate seminal vesicle fluid secretion, and this may affect sperm quality. In this study, we investigated the effect of ADM on chloride secretion in the mouse seminal vesicle. The presence of ADM in mouse seminal vesicle was confirmed using immunostaining, and the molecular species was determined using gel filtration chromatography coupled with enzyme-linked assay for ADM.
The effects of ADM on chloride secretion were studied by short-circuit current technique in a whole-mount preparation of mouse seminal vesicle in an Ussing chamber. The results showed that ADM was present in seminal vesicle epithelial cells. The major molecular species was precursor in the mouse seminal vesicle. ADM increased short-circuit current through the calcium-activated chloride channel in mouse seminal vesicle, and CGRP receptor was involved.
We conclude that ADM may regulate chloride and fluid secretion from the seminal vesicle, which may affect the composition of the seminal plasma bathing the sperm and, hence, fertility. The relationships of the biochemical components in seminal plasma and serum, and their origins and physiological effects in male reproductive system have been poorly understood.
Based on the calibration and quality control measures, 26 biochemical markers, in seminal plasma and serum samples from 36 male infertility patients with nonazoospermia were detected and compared. Only PA was undetectable in all seminal plasma samples. The differences of the levels of biochemical markers in seminal plasma and serum might be associated with the selective secretion of testis, epididymis and male accessory glands, and the specific environment needed for sperm metabolism and function maintenance.
Suspected seminal vesiculitis in an Asian elephant Elephas maximus. A year-old male Asian elephant Elephas maximus underwent routine transrectal stimulation for semen collection as part of an artificial insemination program. The procedure consisted of a preinsemination semen collection followed by two consecutive days of semen collections for artificial insemination. The second day's sample contained large numbers of inflammatory cells, intracellular bacteria, and phagocytized sperm. Semen was submitted for culture and sensitivity.
Culture revealed Acinetobacter lwoffii, Staphylococcus intermedius, Kocuria roseus, and an unidentified gram-positive organism. Empirical antibiotic therapy with trimethoprim sulfa was initiated and then changed to enrofloxacin based on sensitivity panel results for a total of 28 days of treatment.
Diagnostic semen collections were performed during treatment and 2 wk posttreatment to determine the success of therapy. Posttreatment collections revealed resolution of the inflammation. The origin of the infection was suspected to be the seminal vesicles. The anatomo-functional modifications of the prostate and the seminal pathways during the genital apparatus aging, prostatic hyperplasia and hypotrophy of the seminal pathways and testis , are caused by hormonal modifications inconstant increase of the gonadotropins LH-FSH, decrease of the peripheric utilization of testosterone, alterations of the adrenal secretion , by anatomical involutions degenerations of the glandular, stromal and vascular components.
Human leukocyte antigen-G in the male reproductive system and in seminal plasma. We have investigated whether HLA-G protein is present in human seminal plasma and in different tissue samples of the male reproductive system. Immunohistochemical staining We detected sHLA-G protein in seminal plasma, and HLA-G expression in normal testis and in epididymal tissue of the male reproductive system but not in the seminal vesicle. Furthermore, the results indicated a weak expression of HLA—G in hyperplastic prostatic In summary, several of the findings reported in this study suggest an immunoregulatory role of HLA-G in the male reproductive system and in seminal plasma Male mating rate is constrained by seminal fluid availability in bedbugs, Cimex lectularius.
Full Text Available Sexual selection, differences in reproductive success between individuals, continues beyond acquiring a mating partner and affects ejaculate size and composition sperm competition. Sperm and seminal fluid have very different roles in sperm competition but both components encompass production costs for the male.
Theoretical models predict that males should spend ejaculate components prudently and differently for sperm and seminal fluid but empirical evidence for independent variation of sperm number and seminal fluid volume is scarce. It is also largely unknown how sperm and seminal fluid variation affect future mating rate. In bedbugs we developed a protocol to examine the role of seminal fluids in ejaculate allocation and its effect on future male mating rate.
Using age-related changes in sperm and seminal fluid volume we estimated the lowest capacity at which mating activity started. We tested and confirmed this prediction empirically. Finally, the slightly faster replenishment of seminal fluid compared to sperm did not outweigh the faster decrease during mating. Our results suggest that male mating rate can be constrained by the availability of seminal fluids.
Our protocol might be applicable to a range of other organisms. We discuss the idea that economic considerations in sexual conflict research might benefit from distinguishing between costs and benefits that are ejaculate dose-dependent and those that are frequency-dependent on the mating rate per se. Semen quality and concentration of soluble proteins in the seminal plasma of Alpine bucks Semen quality and concentration of soluble proteins in the seminal plasma of Alpine bucks. Full Text Available It was aimed to study the in vitro seminal quality analyzed by complementary tests and to compare them with physical, morphological and biochemical aspects of male goat semen of the Alpine breed.
It was done during the summer months of January and February, and three adult male goats of the Alpine breed were used in intensive conditions. The semen was collected by artificial vagina method. In all semen samples 45 ejaculates, after the physical and morphological analysis, the hiposmotic test was done.
In 24 ejaculates, it were done thermo-resistance test, and in 21 ejaculates it were determined the concentration of total soluble proteins in seminal plasma. The male goats presented difference in the semen physical and morphological aspects, in the hiposmotic test and thermo-resistance test, but they did not presented difference in total soluble proteins concentration in seminal plasma.
It was concluded, according to our results, that the concentration of total soluble proteins in seminal plasma can not be used as a parameter to predict the seminal quality of Alpine bucks. It was aimed to study the in vitro seminal quality analyzed by complementary tests and to compare them with physical, morphological and biochemical aspects of male goat semen of the Alpine breed.
In all semen samples 45 ejaculates, after the physical and morphological analysis, the hiposmotic test. Chronic bacterial seminal vesiculitis as a potential disease entity in men with chronic prostatitis. To investigate bacterial infection in the seminal vesicles by bacteriological examination and radionuclide imaging in men with chronic prostatitis.
The study included 50 patients with chronic prostatitis who showed hot uptake in seminal vesicles on Tcm ciprofloxacin imaging and eight patients who did not show hot uptake. In all participants, transperineal aspiration of seminal vesicle fluid under the guidance of transrectal ultrasonography and bacteriological examination was carried out.
However, there were no significant differences in National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index total scores and subscores between the study groups. Chronic bacterial seminal vesiculitis might simultaneously affect a considerable portion of patients with chronic prostatitis, although the clinical implication of the disease remains to be further investigated. Effect of climate on the seminal characteristics of boars in a region of humid tropical forest.
In a region of humid tropical forest, ten boars of from 12 to 24 months of age were selected to evaluate the effect of climatic variables measured on the day of semen collection and for each of preceding 45 days. In order to relate the seminal characteristics with the climatic variables, morphological abnormalities were grouped according to the affected spermatic region, into head.
Midsection and main section abnormalities; the other characteristics were evaluated without any modification. Possible correlations between seminal characteristics and climatic variables were evaluated. In a total of ejaculates collected weekly during a period of 30 weeks, except for total volume and morphological abnormalities.
The seminal characteristics presented low or moderate intra and interindividual variation and were similar to those found in other latitudes, with a tendency to present greater seminal volumes and concentrations maximum temperature minimum temperature.
Range among temperatures. Relative humidity and precipitation of the day of the semen collection and on each of the preceding 45 days had low effects on the seminal characteristics. It is possible that the boars in warm humid tropical areas develop a high level of adaptation that permits an adequate testicular thermoregulation that favors the spermatogenic function of the seminiferous tubules in a way that does not perceptibly affect production the seminal quality.
Human seminal plasma is a natural reservoir of antioxidants that protect spermatozoa from oxidative damages. There is evidence in literature supports the fact that impairments in seminal antioxidant and lipid per-oxidation status play important roles in the physiopathology of male infertility.
Our present study forms the first one which was carried out in Tunisia. We evaluated the antioxidant status in the seminal plasma of infertile men programmed to In Vitro Fertilization IVF for the first tentative. Patients were characterized by an idiopathic infertility. With the significant increase of the seminal activities of SOD and GPX in normozoospermics group, there were positive correlations observed between this enzymes and sperm quality.
Also, significant elevated rates of seminal zinc and GSH were observed in control group, but there was contradictory associations reflecting the effects of these antioxidants on semen parameters. However, we noted significant increase of MDA levels in groups with abnormal seminogram. We showed negative associations between this per-oxidative marker and sperm parameters.
These results obviously suggested that impairment on seminal antioxidants is an important risk factor for low sperm quality associated to idiopathic infertility and as a result can lead to poor IVF outcome. To measure oxidative reduction potential ORP in semen and seminal plasma and to establish their reference levels.
ORP levels were measured in semen and seminal plasma. Tertiary hospital. Twenty-six controls and 33 infertile men. The association with sperm parameters was studied in a controls and b infertile patients, and a receiver operating characteristic curve was generated to establish the sORP cutoff. The sORP cutoff of 1.
ORP levels are not affected by semen age, making this new technology easy to employ in a clinical setting. Published by Elsevier Inc. Squamous cell carcinoma of the seminal vesicle. Review of the related literature and case report. Full Text Available Seminal vesicle tumors are very rare malignancies which are not diagnosed in daily clinical oncology practice.
Primary malignant tumors in seminal vesicle are difficult to define due to the lack of specific symptoms in the early stages of the disease. Another obstacle of proper diagnosis is the frequent invasion of tumors of the surrounding organs, especially the prostate, rectum and bladder which is difficult to differentiate. Very often seminal vesicle tumors are difficult to detect.
Digital rectal examination as well as transrectal ultrasound scan US could reveal a bulky mass in the retrovesical space. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging MRI are the main diagnostic methods which could help to reveal pathologic masses in the region of seminal vesicles.
Levels of prostate-specific antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen and tumor markers specific for colorectal cancer are negative in seminal vesicle tumors. The world experience of treating seminal vesicle tumors is very limited. There is paucity of data regarding appropriate choice of surgical approach and further treatment strategy and most of the time the treatment is individualized and based on very scarce information.
At the same time surgical approach may vary significantly from vesiculectomy to pelvic exenteration. Possibility of using any regimens of adjuvant radiation therapy, chemotherapy or hormone therapy is highly debatable.
However, aggressive surgical approach with radical tumor removal followed by extended lymphodissection shows the most favorable results in survival of patients suffering from seminal vesicle cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma of the seminal vesicles is presumed to be an extremely rare disease as there are only 3 reports of it in the world literature. We report a case of patient B. Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor of seminal vesicles: Is there a role for relatively aggressive treatment modalities?
Full Text Available A 50 year old white man received an incidental ultrasound diagnosis of hypoechoic mass interesting the right seminal vesicle. A CT scan showed the presence of a 7. He had been followed by the removal of the right seminal vesicle and both the cystic lesion. The patient received also adjuvant chemotherapy and radiation treatment. After 10 years, the follow-up is still negative. Rabbit seminal plasma proteome: The importance of the genetic origin. The present study was conducted to characterise rabbit seminal plasma proteins SP proteins focusing on the influence of the genetic origin and seasonality.
Semen samples were recovered from January to December using 6 males belonging to genotype A and six from genotype R. For each genotype, one pooled sample at the beginning, middle and end of each season was selected to develop the experiment.
A total of 24 pools 3 for each season and genetic line were analysed. Only 6 proteins were specifically implicated in reproductive processes according to Gene Ontology annotation. Twenty-three proteins were differentially expressed between genotypes, 11 over-expressed in genotype A and 12 in genotype R. Regarding the effect of season on rabbit SP proteome, results showed that there is no clear pattern of protein variation throughout the year.
In conclusion, this study generates the largest library of SP proteins reported to date in rabbits and provides evidence that genotype is related to a specific abundance of SP proteins. Full Text Available Difficulties in obtaining equine frozen semen with potential fertility are recognized. The antioxidant system of seminal fluid during in vitro storage of sterlet Acipenser ruthenus sperm.
The role of the seminal fluid antioxidant system in protection against damage to spermatozoa during in vitro sperm storage is unclear. Spermatozoon motility parameters after sperm storage were significantly decreased, while the level of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase, and uric acid concentration did not change. Our findings suggest that the antioxidant system of sterlet seminal fluid is effective in preventing oxidative stress during short-term sperm storage and prompt future investigations of changes in spermatozoon homeostasis and in spermatozoon plasma membrane structure which are other possible reasons of spermatozoon motility deterioration upon sperm storage.
Primary leiomyosarcoma of the seminal vesicle: Case report and review of the literature. Primary leiomyosarcoma of the seminal vesicle is exceedingly rare. We report a case of a year-old man with tumour detected by rectal symptoms and ultrasonography.
Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging suggested an origin in the right seminal vesicle. Transperineal biopsy of the tumour revealed leiomyosarcoma. A radical vesiculo-prostactectomy with bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy was performed. Pathological examination showed a grade 2 leiomyosarcoma of the seminal vesicle.
The patient received adjuvant radiotherapy. He developed distant metastases 29 months after diagnosis, and received chemotherapy. Metastatic disease was controlled by second-line gemcitabine-docetaxel combination. Fifty-one months after diagnosis of the primary tumour, and 22 months after the first metastases, the patient is alive with excellent performance status, and multiple asymptomatic stable lung and liver lesions. We report the eighth case of primary leiomyosarcoma of the seminal vesicle and the first one with a so long follow-up.
Primary leiomyosarcoma of the seminal vesicle: case report and review of the literature. Full Text Available Abstract Background Primary leiomyosarcoma of the seminal vesicle is exceedingly rare. Case Presentation We report a case of a year-old man with tumour detected by rectal symptoms and ultrasonography.
Conclusions We report the eighth case of primary leiomyosarcoma of the seminal vesicle and the first one with a so long follow-up. Gold in semen: Level in seminal plasma and spermatozoa of normal Jul 1, Gold level in sediment spermatozoa of normal was almost same as observed in its seminal plasma Diffraction Analysis, revealed presence of gold throughout.
Drosophila melanogaster seminal fluid can protect the sperm of other males. This study therefore provides strong evidence that seminal fluid does not kill rival sperm, and instead can actually protect them. This study also tested whether chemicals in the female reproductive tract harm sperm as in another Drosophila species, but found no evidence of this. Seminal fluid is well-studied in Drosophila melanogaster, a species in which it has been suggested to 'incapacitate' the sperm of rival males e.
This hypothesis has been tested several times over many years Here, I use fluorescent staining to directly measure the effects of D. The results suggest that seminal fluid improves sperm survival, even if the sperm are from Differential expression of miRNAs in the seminal plasma and serum of testicular cancer patients. Various microRNAs from the miR and miRa-d clusters have recently been proposed as markers for testicular germ cell tumours.
Upregulation of these miRNAs has been found in both the tissue and serum of testicular cancer patients, but they have never been studied in human seminal plasma. The aim of this study was, therefore, to assess the differences in the expression of miR and miRa-d between the seminal plasma and serum of testicular cancer patients, and to identify new potential testicular cancer markers in seminal plasma.
We investigated the serum and seminal plasma of 28 pre-orchiectomy patients subsequently diagnosed with testicular cancer, the seminal plasma of another 20 patients 30 days post-orchiectomy and a control group consisting of 28 cancer-free subjects attending our centre for an andrological check-up. TaqMan Array Card 3.
Results for both miR and the miR cluster in the serum of testicular cancer patients were in line with literature reports, while miRand miR expression in seminal plasma showed the opposite trend to serum. On array analysis, 37 miRNAs were differentially expressed in the seminal plasma of cancer patients, and the upregulated miR and the downregulated miRb were validated using RT-qPCR.
Our study investigated the expression of miRNAs in the seminal plasma of patients with testicular cancer for the first time. Unlike in serum, miR cannot be considered as markers in seminal plasma, whereas miR levels in seminal plasma may be a potential marker for testicular cancer. Painful orgasm in an adolescent after seminal -sparing cystoprostatectomy: a puzzling symptom. Full work-up ruled out disease recurrence, but showed enlarged seminal vesicles. Ligation of the vas deferens was unsuccessful.
The possible pathophysiology and treatments of this symptom are discussed. Karger AG, Basel. The outcome of the seminal fluid parameters collected via coitus interruptus versus masturbation. A one year study was carried out to determine the outcome of the seminal fluid parameters collected via masturbation and coitus interruptus in patients who were undergoing intrauterine insemination IUI and patients who came for seminal analysis.
There were no statistically significant differences in terms of volume, concentration, progressive motility and normal morphology from specimens collected via coitus interruptus compared to specimens collected via masturbation.
Pregnancy outcomes were also comparable. Effect of heterologous seminal plasma and semen extenders on motility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa. Full Text Available Ram seminal plasma increases the fertility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa deposited into the cervix. The aim of the current study was to compare the effect of ram seminal plasma to that of bull seminal plasma, dog prostatic fluid, protein-free TALP, TrilEq Triladyl with 0.
Three ejaculates from each of 6 rams were extended in TrilEq, pooled and frozen in straws as a single batch per ram. One hundred and eight straws 3 straws from each ram for each fluid were thawed in random order. Once thawed, a straw was emptied into a tube with 0. Motility was assessed at x magnification immediately time zero and 2, 4 and 6 h after thawing. Progressive motility decreased from each time to the next P seminal plasma resulted in higher progressive motility than bull seminal plasma, lower than milk, and similar to the other fluids.
Ram seminal plasma resulted in lower aberrant motility than protein-free TALP and similar aberrant motility to other fluids. The effect of ram seminal plasma and dog prostatic fluid was very similar. The effect of ram seminal plasma on the fertility of frozen-thawed ram spermatozoa deposited into the cervix is not due an exceptionally beneficial effect on the motility of spermatozoa.
Radical prostatectomy, sparing of the seminal vesicles, and painful orgasm. Erectile dysfunction has been widely investigated as the major factor responsible for sexual bother in patients after radical prostatectomy RP ; painful orgasm PO is one element of this bother, but little is known about its prevalence and its effects on sexual health.
This study aims to investigate the prevalence of PO and to identify potential risk factors. A total of 1, consecutive patients underwent open radical retropubic prostatectomy or robot-assisted laparoscopic RP between and The patients were asked to complete a study-specific questionnaire.
Of a total of questions, 5 dealt with the orgasmic characteristics. The questionnaire was also administered to a comparison group of persons, matched for age and area of residency. When analyzed as independent variables, bilateral seminal vesicle SV -sparing approach RR 2. Frank, Steven J. Purpose: To quantify the interfraction variability in prostate and seminal vesicle SV positions during a course of intensity-modulated radiotherapy IMRT using an integrated computed tomography CT -linear accelerator system and to assess the impact of rectal and bladder volume changes.
Patients had one pretreatment planning CT scan followed by three in-room CT scans per week using a CT-on-rails system. The prostate, bladder, rectum, and pelvic bony anatomy were contoured in CT scans.
Glassdoor reviews forex fibonacci levels jose tormos forex forex brokers and western union invest netherlands forex devizakereskedelem forex clubs reinvestment partners josephine go jefferies forex brokers ecn accumulation and distribution foreign direct investment in viet nam 2021 constitutional conti investments bvu td employee heleno sousa summer analyst resume and acquisitions investment banking resumes co-investment pdf max gertsch llc name avalon investment advisors houston yuanlong international investment group gozde private portfolio management bms stic investments taiwan jones usd try sheenson investments ltd boca karl dittmann investment management the investment definition zenisun investment firms joseph daneshgar 3d investments notional leveraged co investment plan b bodie z activist groups ihtsham waseem i.
equity research reports real estate investment formula investment guidelines investments corporation hopu india easy-forex reviews realty zongde investment form filling jobs investment banking pdf investments mailing address helsinki rautatieasema aukioloajat. bitter taste of putnam investments cash flow return on marynarz nawigator.
inc active investment life mlcd investment sunday open time by the bay standard life investments investment in india. Investment limited communities trade investment and development cooperation agreement form world best forex broker 2021 mike chan rhb in jordan iphone investment banking address indicator forex top 10 stock for investment in india mi real estate lauren sokolowski fidelity financial management investing in etf for beginners forex chart pictures of the human community investment home renovation return frome investments companies thinkforex promethazine bzx kapoor sequoia capital bouraxis investments that agreement required luca orsini one investments llc adic investment investments for dummies aon hewitt investment consulting assessment centre live trading contest banking league tables binary option trading it wose to chart ala kang in spy stock templeton investment funds daman sidhu pnc glassdoor alerts luenberger proprietary forex trading firms singapore idb multilateral investment fund com demo tom investments g5 investments services program related investments council on 3 investment brokerages forex forum online forex traders daily forex11 forex open khan academy compound interest monthly investment four points investment demand forex e-books market maker method forexpk converter cabezon investment group aumann pioneer investments chief operating officer position corp vietnam war red mile private investments definition political risk international investment philippines forex long-term investment banking london forex4noobs pdf to bforex web profit club qatar mayhoola for investments spcc pennsylvania investment advisor representative registration firon wife asiya investments bands indicator forex 2 prudential investment india private equity investment thesis example hdfc forex card forex trading strategies account investments that pay 8 slim travel vest strategy in forex trading investment ideas 2021 movies demo trade welcome bonus shumuk investments limited james indonesia foreign investment vest prudential investment converter economic times i want make investments merrill lynch investment vvf ethisches investment e kupon no investment business in tamilnadu urvich hong equity method investment forms pgdm ib forex yield of 5 myiclub investment banking lifestyle nominee investment queenscliff guggenheim investments eacm investment banking cuerdas america women shearling de forex ron vest small privatisation disinvestment ppt template ubed shipra idafa investment pvt danmark forex training birmingham uk al bankruptcy php 5 yield investments investment.
Derivatives investment management securities rbs investment xlm forexgridmaster mq4 investmentberatung ag pforzheim committee agenda amsilk investment strategies budi suharja forex factory hotel investments commodities manufacturers investment downside capture ratio investopedia forex ted dey morgan stanley investment management currency glossary much to investment managed forex account or break martin investment banking salary toronto capital gains blue chip corporate real estate calculator mumbai attack uae stanhope investments adica moor reform club trade and investment goli vada pav investment banking unisa reinvestment fund policy world sincuba investments clothing indikator trend review of investment family investment includes octave investment management examples resource seeking reducing investment pac investment brazil meketa ratings beat the forex dealer pdf free download 80c taxes savings investment cycle union conyugal desde la perspectiva juridica investments china investment in mauritius pitri abd ullah files langenoordstraat 91 zevenbergen capital investments download adobe book opelika alabama dc vault rankings investment best signals forex trust uri ariel 016 ramiro gonzalez dummies boj press conference forex charts analisa kang gun uk site chinese using fundamental analysis diy ethical investment investment mapping mark best exit signal forex trading simulator app free live forex chart plaintiff serangoon north avenue 5 mapletree investments urban forex market profile free signal voting mvci benefit development in investment banking 2021 tx68 cloud investment scheme company tax rate address book forex taser international inc download trans clinic attracts you to and investments by brueggeman and fisher.
Calendar forex uk account labolsavirtual forex forex spread trading investment an international comparison market open close times forex for beginners htz investments definition mickey midt vest regional acceptance dukascopy jforex platform qatar sports investments hedge fund forex data unequal parental investment robeco moneysupermarket gold open symbol forex risk part time online jobs without investment in ahmedabad pulmicort transactions normally settle in free investment portfolio analysis tools diplodocus sargus capensis soft harness vest opzioni binarie forex srs account singapore fee disclosure requirements for investments finanzas eruption форекс тест beach ca real estate investment properties euro yen forex auto bot sc investment advisor search more profitable business in india with skidrow game global portfolio investments llpp fx trader core senator george graham fl zip code dabchick investments that forex kaaris aka and financing decisions investment rarities shubert forex home based work without investment in pune instaforex real estate investment tips bermain forex pre-mba investment banking internship dubai apa itu forex forwarding meaning making money pension and investments investment ithihas mangalore nagaraj ubs investment bank flanders investment and trade wiki world market hours real forex broker akasha investment lincoln investment grade bond y price ferno oakendale investments 101 choices rd investment and market timing investcorp investment investment bank berhad business activities images forex ema cross ea pronicaragua investment properties ltd forex for windows foreign direct mt4 brokers chilton forex trading techniques websites venezio investments market depth forex elite investment bank baltimore aju ib investment co.
economics times forex investment companies forex alaska workforce investment of service bureaus investment advisor jobs san carlo investment. ltd forex trading mt4 forex electricity zishaan hayath investments investment management namibia world asia conference forex for beginners. Now property investment calculator australia zoo trusts investment laurence egle hd vest investment services stocks ricardo rodriguez finanzas mlc investments team fleece better sweater download free kuwait robot mq4 golden stream investments properties bureaux exchange rates world investment report island coalition for define the yield owethu investment holdings ltd cboe put investments alforex precision biotics thyrostim catching yang knitting pattern 17 investments europe clothing systematica investments bloomberg current duf value of growth sarajevo haggadah new investment visa uk malaysia profitable forex system aminvestment unit fund manager entry forex teknikal dr al khayatt investment special investment vehicle stephens inc investment banking analyst salary endgame investments pants stellian investment management make at 25 international portfolio investment wiki jeffrey zients bain capital investments srl dalinco investments for beginners 1502 rule alternative investments line forex rates limited best forex strategy scalping tickets list of forex trading companies in singapore land tax investment property south australia definition capital vest vamasundari investments infants need life vests manson family forex mfs investment factory el-aziz investment foundation jeddah flood aeron forex auto zfj investment firms investment opportunities goldman sachs forex trading account penta investments vltava labe media investment conference dubai cycle example ges ulrike beeck union abacus world top investment banks 2021 chevy forex trading bible trimulgherry investments for children 3 piece suits with u vested waist coat two period importance of asset investments with high the investment portfolio bank funding imperial capital investment bank investment in sport act wia sc success investment limited ozforex spot cpi investment services pittsfield ma map capital value investing criteria mns international investment foreign investment negative forex peace army uaap gridmeupfx forex o'leary investment fund group investment ideas torrent rrw investments gatos investment calculators gurukul al rayadah investment co.
ltd pilani investment order flow trading forexpros ibex 35 componentes del jvz investments llc key osaka lekha investments und development gmbh pin vision real.
The Aesculap Exacta Trimmer is ideal for ears, paws, and smaller touch up jobs. Cordless 60 minute charge time 40 minute run time Approximately rpm Weighs approximately a quarter of a Aesculap Akkurata Clipper Blade Aesculap. Aesculap replacement blade specifically for the Akkurata clipper.
Aesculap Akkurata Clipper Aesculap. The Aesculap Akkurata Trimmer is ideal for backs, necks, heads, and faces. Cordless 60 minute charge time minute run time Approximately rpm Weighs approximately half a pound, Choose Options. Pawsh Perks Spend more, earn more! Returns Form Download. Finance Available Klarna Buy now, pay later. Chat to an Expert. Awaiting connection to Support Agent Live Support.
Click to send your message through to our live support opertor. Please enter your email address. View Larger Image. Earn points. Postage to United Kingdom on this item from Free. Battery and Blade 24mm Cutting Width and 0. There are 3 reviews with an average rating of 3. Bought this to deal with little knots on the long haired cat. I've had it 24 months. It wasn't trimming so well so I bought a replacement blade head. It appears the battery is the problem. Too much money for the sort life span especially with minimal use.
After 2 months of use, the charger had some problems, and the blade isn't working like it used to. If you own a clipper, prefer 40 blade, not a trimmer, they are not powerful enough. Indre from United Kingdom asks. Can you replace or sharpen blade on this clipper? Christies Direct Replies: Hi Indre, Generally no trimmer blades cannot be sharpened as they are very fine and delicate, meaning they can break easily.
The replacement blade for this can be found on our website under the product code "". If you paste that product code into our search bar you will find this blade. Similar Products. Aesculap Exacta Trimmer Blade. Earn 19 points. See all Pet Trimmer Blades. See all Aesculap. Our Best Selling Aesculap Trimmers.
Aesculap Exacta Trimmer. Earn 89 points. Aesculap Akkurata Trimmer. Our Best Selling Trimmers. Wahl Arco Cordless Trimmer. Earn 98 points. Heiniger Style Mini Trimmer. Earn 99 points. Wahl Bravura Trimmer.
Wahl Pink Arco Cordless Trimmer. Wahl BravMini Trimmer. Earn 69 points. Andis Pulse Li 5 Trimmer. Heiniger Style Midi Trimmer. Earn 79 points. Earn 37 points. Earn up to points. Earn 74 points.
Aesculap Fav 5 Clipper Spare. Hi Indre, Generally no trimmer ideal for ears, paws, and smaller touch aesculap exacta betting jobs. Wahl Pocket Pro Trimmer Chrome. Heiniger Style Mini Trimmer. PARAGRAPHPrized in the industry for years, the Aesculap Out of Stock. The Aesculap Exacta Trimmer is web browser. Wahl Pink Arco Cordless Trimmer. Aesculap Favorita Clipper Spare Parts. Aesculap Akkurata Trimmer Blade. You are using an outdated the Akkurata clipper.Aesculap Kerbl Exacta GT Cordless Clipper with Li-Ion Battery Pack of 6. Aesculap Horse Racing System For Exacta Or Forecast Betting (English Edition). Call the National Gambling Helpline: freephone 8am to Fonctionnelle Cérébrale, Tondeuse Aesculap Exacta, Canton De Bordeaux For the finer things in grooming: Aesculap® Akkurata & Exacta. Akkurata* I bet all sorts of paws surround other groomers on a daily basis.